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Nigeria: Inflation rate for July expected to drop

Inflation rate for July 2019 is estimated to drop to 11.01% from 11.22% recorded in June 2019.

The drop is said to be due largely to the harvest season.

This will be the second consecutive month for the inflation rate to have dropped and the lowest inflation rate recorded in Nigeria since February 2016.

The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) is scheduled to release the July 2019 inflation figure on Friday, 16 August 2019.

The inflation rate target of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) is between 6% and 9%. It is unlikely that Nigeria will achieve a single-digit rate of inflation in the short-term.

It is also noted that an increase in the inflation rate is not entirely bad, as a reasonable increase in general prices is important to encourage production. Manufacturers are encouraged to produce in an environment when the prices of the goods that are produced are going up so that they can recoup profit from the margin of price increase. Thus, most countries and central banks are only guarding against an excessive increase in general prices.

In the last few years, the apex monetary authority has been initiating several policies to help promote the agricultural sector. The aim of this is to boost agricultural yields, which would in turn kerb general price increases. The CBN’s focus on the agricultural sector is deliberate, as food prices significantly affect the country’s inflation rate.

Looking at the movement of food prices in the international market, the overall price of a basket of certain food items dropped in July relative to June 2019. In its July 2019 Food Price Index, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) observed that the prices of food items in the international market decreased during the month. The FAO further noted that the prices of cereal, dairy products and sugar decreased between June and July 2019. The drop offset the increase in the prices of oils and meat recorded during the same period.

Despite the expected decrease in the inflation rate in the next few months, FSDH Research expects increased volatility in the inter-bank rates and a gradual increase in the rates at the Open Market Operations (OMOs) from August through to December 2019.

This is due to huge maturities in excess of N9.62trillion of government securities which we expect to hit the Nigerian financial market during the period.

Ordinarily, the expected large inflow of funds into the financial system may lead to inflationary pressure.

In this situation, the way to manage the expected high liquidity is for the CBN to increase its ‘mopping-up’ activities in the inter-bank market, leading to an increase in the OMO rate.

Therefore, it is expected that the next few months will throw up some interesting financing and investment opportunities in the Nigerian financial market.